After King Kazimierz the great encouraged Jews to come to Poland in the 14th century, a large community settled in and around Krakow, by than it was an autonomous community. In second world war when the Nazis arrived , they send most of the Jewish people to the nearby ghetto of Lublin, and to the death camps of nearby Auschwitz. Only a few thousands Krakow Jews survived. Today’s Krakow has only about 200 Jewish residents.
Plac Nowy, the Jewish Square, actually a rotunda shape, is nowadays the market place of Kazimierz, all different kinds of goods are offered, besides vegetables, old relics from the war times.
The wall that surrounds the oldest cemetery
The older and newer Jewish cemetery.
The oldest Isaac synagogue, was opened in 1644, it’s one of the most strikingly synagogues.
Rabbi Eliezer Gurary runs the place, I was so lucky to have a little chat with him.
The main square around the synagogue and the cemetery
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